The most popular list of mountains in Scotland are the munros and munro-bagging, that is climbing all the mountains within the list, has become a goal for many hillwalkers.
This list was first compiled by Scottish Mountaineering Club member Sir Hugh Munro and printed in the Scottish Mountaineering Club Journal in 1891. Until then it was not known how many mountains in Scotland exceeded 3,000 feet and the list caused quite a stir.
The principal mountains on the list became known as munros and since the publication of the list almost 6,000 people have recorded their ascents of all the munros. There have been numerous revisions to the list since then, mostly through improvements to mapping and survey techniques, and the number of munros currently stands at 282.
The second person to complete all the munros and their associated tops, of which there are currently 226, was John Rooke Corbett in 1930. However, less well known, but becoming increasingly more popular, is the eponymous list of mountains compiled by JR Corbett which was published after his death in 1949.
Climbing the corbetts has been described by Hamish Brown in his Guide Book to these mountains as ‘Life after The Munros’.
A corbett is defined as a mountain in Scotland that is 2,500ft (762m) or above, but lower than 3,000ft (914.4m), and with at least 500ft (152.4m) of drop separating it from the next higher mountains.
Since the publication of the 1984 Munros Tables, there have been relatively few changes to the list of corbetts. Two Munros, Sgurr nan Ceannaichean and Beinn a’ Chlaidheimh were classified as corbetts, following accurate measurement of their heights and more recently in 2012 the twin corbetts Sgurr a’ Bhac Chaolais and Buidhe Bheinn – both summits accorded the same height by Ordnance Survey – was resolved following an accurate survey with simultaneous Global Navigation Satellite System measurements on the two summits, with that latter mountain measuring 0.29m higher. Following these changes the number of corbetts was revised to 221.
John Barnard said: “All of these measurements were carried out by G&J Surveys and the results verified by Ordnance Survey. Hitherto, there has been no case of a mountain below 762m being reclassified as a corbett following an accurate determination of its height.
“As part of our project, supported by the Scottish Mountaineering Trust, to determine accurate heights for a variety of Scottish mountains, our work took us to the Arrochar area of the Scottish Highlands in early May this year. Of the mountains of interest to us in that area, one in particular caught our attention. That mountain was Cnoc Coinnich which at 761m was very close to the magic height of 762m that would make it a corbett.”
Graham Jackson, the other half of G&J surveys, said: “We parked in the car park of the little village of Lochgoilhead, which is reached by the B839 via Hell’s Glen or the B828 from Rest and be Thankful, both narrow single track roads.
“The village is in an idyllic location surrounded by high mountains and clinging to the water’s edge of Loch Goil. Our route began following the Cowal Way, which initially winds its way through mature forest above Donich Water. The air was alive with birdsong. Willow warblers twittered their lazy song above the roar of the stream, as we began to gain height on the excellent track in the early morning sunshine and still air.
“Soon the track deteriorated as we turned sharp right to ascend 150m to the edge of the trees. By now the day had turned less promising. A stiff breeze had developed and, with the mountain now in view, we could see dark cloud gathering round its summit. Should we continue or abandon the survey?”
John Barnard said: “Having climbed so far we had little choice but to plough on following a line of white fence posts which marched across the barren landscape and which the map told us would take the walker to Ardgarten on Loch Long.
“We left the track at its high point and ascended into mist, rain and increasing wind as we climbed the NW ridge of Cnoc Coinnich. This was going to be a damp survey.”
Graham Jackson questioned whether the decision was the right one. He said: “After what seemed an eternity, but in reality was only 30 minutes, we finally reached the summit.
“To our great and pleasant surprise the mist was suddenly whipped away in the wind to reveal a spectacular view of Loch Long beneath us and Loch Lomond in the distance to the east. There was no time to reflect on the view as we needed to determine the summit position while the visibility lasted.
“This is where our surveyor’s level and staff plays a vital part and is one of the requirements of Ordnance Survey in accepting our data.”
John Barnard explained: “It is so easy for the naked eye to be confused, especially when there are several positions that vie for the summit.
“In this case the summit did seem obvious. The cairn was perched on a large pointed outcrop of rock with a near vertical east face. About 40m to the south was a second high point, but this did look lower. Our work with the level and staff soon showed this to be the case and this second high point was in fact 1.2m lower.
“Next we investigated the cairn and again we soon found that the highest point of the mountain was on the very edge of the crag, just under the edge of the cairn. To set up the GNSS, as it could easily have fallen over the crag if caught by the wind which was gusting to 25mph. We took the chance and weighed down the legs of the tripod with rocks and relied on the fact that the wind, which was coming from the east, would not change direction. Fortunately it didn’t!
“Ordnance Survey asks for the two hours of data to be collected in order to ensure a robust data set. As that time ticked by the weather improved and a party of four people arrived and helped us pass the time, while the receiver collected its data. They were from Glasgow and had ascended Cnoc Coinnich by the Ardgarten route.
“Once the two hours were up, we dismantled the equipment and made our way back down to Lochgoilhead. By now the wind had dropped, the temperature had risen to 22C and the sun was shining. People were sailing on the loch, drinking cold drinks and partaking of ice-cream from the local shop. With a successful survey under our belts we joined them.”
Once back home we processed the data and found the height of Cnoc Coinnich to be 763.5m, a whole 2.5m higher than given on the maps. The data file was forwarded to Mark Greaves at Ordnance Survey, who processed it in leading-edge software and gave the official height to be 763.50m.
This height will be rounded to 764m on future Ordnance Survey maps. This result has been accepted by the Scottish Mountaineering Club and Cnoc Coinnich has duly been raised to the rank of corbett.
Rab Anderson from the Scottish Mountaineering Club said: “This is a very interesting and unexpected result but it confirms that there are still possible changes to be made to the heights of hills in the UK when detailed measurements are carried out. The Scottish Mountaineering Club is pleased that the new height will appear on Ordnance Survey maps to the benefit of the wider hillwalking community.”
Reflecting on the day Graham added: “It is a great result and to think we so nearly turned back when that storm came over.”
John Barnard and Graham Jackson, G&J Surveys
- We would especially like to thank the Scottish Mountaineering Trust for generously supporting the work and Rab Anderson and Andy Nisbet of the Scottish Mountaineering Club for their guidance and encouragement.
- We also wish to thank Mark Greaves of the Ordnance Survey, who accepted the data and forwarded the results to OS Cartography for map changes. We also thank Mark for his support and advice that has helped us carry out our mountain heighting work over the past seven years.